Biological Control Agents

Volume XIII - 2013

3Pre-release Studies and Release of the Grasshopper Cornops aquaticum in South Africa – a New Biological Control Agent for Water Hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes
14Australia’s Newest Quarantine for Weed Biological Control
20Host Specificity of an Italian Population of Cosmobaris scolopacea (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Candidate for the Biological Control of Salsola tragus (Chenopodiaceae)
26Biological Control of Chilean Needle Grass (Nassella neesiana, Poaceae) in Australasia: Completion of Host Range Testing
33Finding the Weapons of Biomass Destruction—Identifying Potential Biological Control Agents by Applying Principles of Chemical Co-Evolution
34Molecular Analysis of Host-Specificity in Plant-Feeding Insects: Phylogenetics and Phylogeography of Fergusonina Flies on Australian Paperbarks
35Selection of Test Plant Lists for Weed Biological Control with Molecular and Biochemical Data
36Successfully Eliminating Parasitic Gregarines from Neolema ogloblini (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) - a Biological Control Agent for Tradescantia fluminensis (Commelinaceae)
37Metabolic Profiling: A New Tool in the Prediction of Host-Specificity in Classical Biological Control of Weeds?
38Individual Variation in Insect Response Causes Misleading Interpretation of Host Specificity Tests
39Simulated Herbivory May Underestimate the Effects of Natural Herbivory: A Case Study with Dyer’s Woad
40Does Nitrogen Influence Host Choice by a Biological Control Insect?
41Neoclassical Biological Control: Will the Introduction of a New Association Contribute to the Control of Myriophyllum spicatum in South Africa?
42A Review of Interactions between Insect and Fungal Biological Control Agents of Water Hyacinth and Our Recent Studies
43Host-Specificity Testing of Liothrips tractabilis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), a Candidate Biological Control Agent for Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Asteraceae) in South Africa
44Developing Biological Control for Common and Glossy Buckthorn
45Evaluating the Potential for Biological Control of Swallow-Worts (Vincetoxicum nigrum and V. rossicum) in Eastern North America
46Laboratory and Open-Field Tests on Abia sericea (Hymenoptera: Cimbicidae) – a Candidate for Biological Control of Teasels (Dipsacus spp.)
47Biology and Fundamental Host Range of the Stem Boring Weevil Apocnemidophorus pipitzi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a Candidate Biological Control Agent for Brazilian Peppertree
48Biology, Host Specificity, and Larval Impact of Hypena opulenta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): A Promising Biological Control Agent of Swallow-Worts (Vincetoxicum) in North America
49Phenotypes of Common Crupina (Crupina vulgaris), Synchronization of Bolting, and Yield Effects of Leaf Removal and Inoculation by Ramularia crupinae
50An Update on Biological Control of Invasive Hawkweeds in North America
51Searching for New Potential Agents for an Old Problem: Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)
52Field Garden Experiments to Assess the Host Specificity of Aceria solstitialis (Acari: Eriophyoidea), Potential Biological Control Agent for Centaurea solstitialis (Asteraceae)
53Open Field Experiment to Assess the Host Specificity of Lixus cardui (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a Potential Candidate for Biological Control of Onopordum acanthium (Asteraceae)
54Targeting Ecotypes of Hydrellia lagarosiphon in Pre-Release Studies Using Adult Longevity, Reproductive Performance and Temperature Tolerance
55Developing Biological Control for Perennial Pepperweed in the U.S.: Progress So Far
56What’s Been Happening in Our Containment Facility? The Old and the New
58Biological Control of Garlic Mustard, Alliaria petiolata, with the Root and Crown-Boring Weevil Ceutorhynchus scrobicollis
59Pre-release Efficacy Assessments of the Leaf-Mining Fly Hydrellia lagarosiphon, a Candidate Biological Control Agent of the Submerged Weed Lagarosiphon major
60Biology and Preliminary Host Range of Hydrellia lagarosiphon, a Potential Biological Control Agent against Lagarosiphon major
61Host Range of Two Chrysomelid Beetles, Zygogramma signatipennis and Z. piceicollis, Biological Control Candidates for Tithonia rotundifolia
62Biological Control of Silvery Threadmoss (Bryum argenteum) in Turfgrass, Nursery Crops, and Hardscapes
63Estimating Density Dependent Impacts of the Arundo Scale, Biological Control Agent for the Invasive Giant Reed
64Morphological and Molecular Identification of White Blister Rust Collected from Perennial Pepperweed in Nevada and California
65Preference and Damage by the Stem-Boring Moth, Digitivalva delaireae – a Potential Biological Control Agent of Cape-Ivy, Delairea odorata, on its Two Varieties in California, USA
66Potential of the Seed-Feeding Weevil Cissoanthonomus tuberculipennis for Biological Control of Balloon Vine Cardiospermum grandiflorum in South Africa
67Artificial Diet for Completing Development of Internal Feeding Insects of Plant Stems and Roots as an Aid for Foreign Exploration
68First Insect Agents Evaluated for the Biological Control of Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae) in South Africa
69Host Specificity Testing of Archanara geminipuncta and A. neurica (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Candidates for Biological Control of Phragmites australis (Poaceae)
70Foreign Exploration and Host Testing of Brazilian Pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius) Biological Control Agents
71Foreign Exploration and Host Testing of Chinese Tallow Biological Control Agents
72Performance of Hydrellia pakistanae (Diptera: Ephydridae) and Hydrellia sp. on the South African Biotype of Hydrilla verticillata (Hydrocharitaceae)
75Why the New Zealand Regulatory System for Introducing New Biological Control Agents Works
84Australia’s Current Approval Procedures for Biological Control with Particular Reference to its Biological Control Act
89How Specific is Specific Enough? - Case Studies of Three Rust Species under Evaluation for Weed Biological Control in Australia
97Weed Biological Control in Europe: A Reality
98Successes We Might Never Have Had: A Retrospective Comparison of Predicted Versus Realized Host Range of Established Weed Biological Control Agents in North America
99Recent Issues and New Challenges Regarding the Permitting of New Weed Biological Control Agents
103The Case for Biological Control of Exotic African Grasses in Australia and USA Using Introduced Detritivores
112Rhizaspidiotus donacis (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), an Armored Scale Released for Biological Control of Giant Reed, Arundo donax
119Fergusonina turneri/Fergusobia quinquenerviae (Diptera: Fergusoninidae/Nematoda: Tylenchida: Sphaerulariidae), a Bud-Gall Fly and its Obligate Nematode Released for the Australian Paperbark Tree, Melaleuca quinquenervia
120Tetramesa romana (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae), a Parthenogenic Stem-Galling Wasp Released for Giant Reed, Arundo donax
123Biological Control of Senecio madagascariensis (fireweed) in Australia – a Long-Shot Target Driven by Community Support and Political Will
128Prospects for the Biological Control of Tutsan (Hypericum androsaemum L.) in New Zealand
138The Use of Ascochyta caulina Phytotoxins for the Control of Common Ragweed
142Biological Control of Hygrophila: Foreign Exploration for Candidate Natural Enemies
153Biological Control of Rubus alceifolius (Rosaceae) in La Réunion Island (Indian Ocean): From Investigations on the Plant to the Release of the Biological Control Agent Cibdela janthina (Argidae)
161Beyond the Lottery Model: Challenges in the Selection of Target and Control Organisms for Biological Weed Control
162Bottom-Up Effects on Top-Down Regulation of a Floating Aquatic Plant by Two Weevil Species: The Context-Specific Nature of Biological Control
163Predicting Parasitism of Weed Biological Control Agents
164Learning from Experience: Two Weed Biological Control Programs with Rust Fungi Compared
166Potential Benefits of Sourcing Biological Control Agents from a Weed’s Exotic Range
167Plant-Mediated Interactions among Herbivores: Considerations for Implementing Weed Biological Control Programs
168The Use of Chemical Ecology to Improve Pre-Release and Post-Release Host Range Assessments for Potential and Released Biological Control Agents of Cynoglossum officinale
169Shooting Straight: What Weeds Should We Target Next?
170Does Rise and Fall of Garlic Mustard Eliminate the Need for Biological Control?
171Unravelling the Identity of Tamarix in South Africa and its Potential as a Target for Biological Control
172Origins and Diversity of Rush Skeletonweed (Chondrilla juncea) from Three Continents
173Comparing the Population Biology of Isatis tinctoria in its Native Eurasian and Introduced North American Range under Different Experimental Treatments
174Invasive Exotic Plant Species in Tennessee, USA: Potential Targets for Biological Control
175Genetic Variation in a Biological Control Target Weed: The Strawberry Guava Species Complex
176Demographic Matrix Model for Swallow-Wort (Vincetoxicum spp.)
177How Many Species of Salsola tumbleweeds (Russian Thistle) Occur in the Western USA?
178An Initial Focus on Biological Control Agents for the Forest Invasive Species Prosopis juliflora in the Dry Zone of Myanmar
179Potential for the Biological Control of Crassula helmsii in the U.K.
180The Road Less Taken: A Classical Biological Control Project Operated Through an NGO
181A Reassessment of the Use of Plant Pathogens for Classical Biological Control of Tradescantia fluminensis in New Zealand
182European Insects as Potential Biological Control Agents for Common Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare) in Canada and the United States
183The Potential for the Biological Control of Himalayan Balsam Using the Rust Pathogen Puccinia cf. komarovii: Opportunities for Europe and North America
184The Scotch Broom Gall Mite: Accidental Introduction to Classical Biological Control Agent?
185The Impact of the Milfoil Weevil Eubrychius velutus on the Growth of Myriophyllum spicatum and Other Watermilfoils Native to Europe
186Field Explorations in Anatolia for the Selection of Specific Biological Control Agents for Onopordum acanthium (Asteraceae)
187Potential Biological Control of Invasive Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
188Abrostola clarissa (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), a New Potential Biological Control Agent for Invasive Swallow-Worts, Vincetoxicum rossicum and V. nigrum
189Suitability of Using Introduced Hydrellia spp. for Management of Monoecious Hydrilla verticillata
190Natural Enemies of Floating Marshpennywort (Hydrocotyle ranunculoides) in the Southern USA
191Can We Optimize Native-Range Survey Effort through Space and Time?
192Potential Agent Psectrosema noxium (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Kazakhstan for Saltcedar Biological Control in USA
193Fungi Pathogenic on Paederia spp. from Northern Thailand as Potential Biological Control Agents for Skunkvine Paederia foetida (Rubiaceae)
194Preliminary Surveys for Natural Enemies of the North American Native Delta Arrowhead (Sagittaria platyphylla, Alismataceae), an Invasive Species in Australia
195Prospects for Biological Control of Berberis darwinii (Berberidaceae) in New Zealand: What are its Seed Predators in its Native Chilean Range?
196Surveys for Potential Biological Control Agents for Pereskia aculeata: Selection of the Most Promising Potential Agents
197Predicting the Feasibility and Cost of Weed Biological Control
198USDA-ARS Australian Biological Control Laboratory
199Potential Biological Control Agents of Skunkvine, Paederia foetida (Rubiaceae), Recently Discovered in Thailand and Laos
200Towards Biological Control of Swallow-Worts: The Ugly, the Bad and the Good
201Genetic and Behavioral Differences among Purported Species of Trichosirocalus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) for Biological Control of Thistles (Asteraceae: Cardueae)
202Survey of Dispersal and Genetic Variability of Tectococcus ovatus (Heteroptera: Eriococcidae) in the Regions of Natural Occurrence of Psidium cattleianum (Myrtaceae)
203Arundo donax – Giant Reed
204Foreign Exploration for Biological Control Agents of Giant Reed, Arundo donax
206Weeds of Hawaii’s Lands Devoted to Watershed Protection and Biodiversity Conservation: Role of Biological Control as the Missing Piece in an Integrated Pest Management Strategy
211Biology, Field Release and Monitoring of the Rust Fungus Puccinia spegazzinii (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae), a Biological Control Agent of Mikania micrantha (Asteraceae) in Papua New Guinea and Fiji
218The Invasive Alien Tree Falcataria moluccana: Its Impacts and Management
224Effective Biological Control Programs for Invasive Plants on Guam
230Releases of Natural Enemies in Hawaii since 1980 for Classical Biological Control of Weeds
243Gall Nematode of Miconia: A Potential Classical Biological Control Agent for Weedy Melastomataceae
244Lepidopterans as Potential Agents for the Biological Control of Miconia calvescens
245Can Wild Gingers Ever be Tamed? The Search for Natural Enemies Hots up
246Determining the Origin of African Tulip Tree, Spathodea campanulata (Bignoniaceae), Populations in the Pacific Region Using Genetic Techniques
247Managing Miconia calvescens in Hawaii: Biology and Host Specificity of Cryptorhynchus melastomae, a Potential Biological Control Agent
248Biological Control for Management of Cane Tibouchina and Other Weedy Melastome Species in Hawaii
249Biological Control of Solanum mauritianum: South African Experiences and Prospects for the Pacific Islands
250Future Prospects for Biological Control of Weeds in Fiji Islands
251Defoliation and Leaf-Rolling by Salbia lotanalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Attacking Miconia calvescens (Melastomataceae)
252Survey for Natural Enemies of Bocconia frutescens in Costa Rica
254Integrating Biological Control and Native Plantings to Restore Sites Invaded by Mile-A-Minute Weed, Persicaria perfoliata, in the Mid-Atlantic USA
262Rehabilitation of Melaleuca-Invaded Natural Areas through Biological Control: A Slow but Steady Process
268Twenty-five Years of Biological Control of Saltcedar (Tamarix: Tamaricaceae) in the Western USA: Emphasis Texas – 1986-2011a
276Tamarix Biological Control and the Restoration of Riparian Ecosystems
277Searching for Microbial Biological Control Candidates for Invasive Grasses: Coupling Expanded Field Research with Strides in Biotechnology and Grassland Restoration
278The Southwestern Willow Flycatcher – Saltcedar/Willow – Saltcedar Biological Control Debate: Popular Concepts – How Realistic?
280Biological Control as a Tool in Restoration and Conservation Programs and for Reducing Wildfire Risk
281Benign Effects of a Retardant Dose of Glyphosate on the Biological Control Agents of Water Hyacinth and Amphibians
282Hydrilla Integrated Pest Management Risk Avoidance and Mitigation Project (Hydrilla IPM RAMP)
283Biological Control of Old World Climbing Fern by Neomusotima conspurcatalis in Florida: Post-Release Impact Assessment and Agent Monitoring
286Ecological Data Key to Building Successful Biocontrol Programs: A Case Study Using Chrysochus asclepiadeus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Against Vincetoxicum spp. (Apocynaceae)
294Evidence of Rapid Evolution from Weed Biological Control Introductions
295Polyploidy and Invasion Success in Spotted Knapweed, Centaurea stoebe: Specialist Herbivores as Drivers of Invasions and Effective Control Agents?
296The Roles of Demography and Genetics in the Founding of New Populations
297Evolutionary Interactions between the Invasive Tallow Tree and Herbivores: Implications for Biological Control
298The Evolutionary Response of Lythrum salicaria to Biological Control: Linking Patterns in Plant Evolution and Management Efficacy
299Regarding the Role of New Host Associations in the Success of Cactoblastis cactorum as Both a Biological Control Agent and Invasive Species
300Multitrophic Interactions in Biological Control: Evaluating Shifts in the Competitive Ability of Lagarosiphon major as Influenced by Herbivory and Parasitism
301Searching for the Signal of Competition in Plant-Mediated Interactions among Coexisting Gall Insects on Broad-Leaved Paperbark
302Biological Control, Prey Subsidies, and Food Webs: One Plant, Two Insects, and Two Outcomes
303Who is Controlling Knapweed? A Genetic Investigation of Larinus spp. in a Successful Biological Control Program for Knapweed in Canada
304Hares or Tortoises? How to Choose an Optimally Dispersing Biological Control Agent
305The Evolution of Invasiveness: Testing the EICA Hypothesis with Three Weeds of Hawaiian Forests
306How Will Predicted Climate Change Affect Weed Biological Control in New Zealand?
307Modeling Current and Future Climate to Predict the Spread of Invasive Knotweeds and their Biological Control Agent in Western North America
308Mapping Giant Reed along the Rio Grande Using Airborne and Satellite Imagery
309Effects of Drought on the Biological Control of Spotted Knapweed
310Solanum elaeagnifolium (Solanaceae), an Alien Invasive Weed for Greece and Southern Europe, and its Newly Discovered Endemic Natural Enemies
311Microsatellites Uncover Multiple Introductions of Clonal Giant Reed (Arundo donax) in the New World
312Utility of Microsatellite Markers from the Wheat Genetic Map in the Genome of Medusahead Rye (Taeniatherum caput-medusae)
313The Interaction between Drought and Herbivory by a Biological Control Agent on Populations of the Invasive Shrub Tamarix sp.
314Post-Introduction Evolution in the Biological Control Agent Longitarsus jacobaeae
315Eurasian Watermilfoil Phenology and Endophyte Abundance and Diversity
316Herbivore-Induced Plant Defenses and Biological Control of Invasive Plants
317Comparison of Native and Invasive Populations of Taeniatherum caput-medusae ssp. asperum (medusahead): Evidence for Multiple Introductions, Source Populations and Founder Effects
318Morphological and Genetic Differentiation among Subspecies of Taeniatherum caput-medusae: Disentangling Taxonomic Complexity in the Native Range
319Biological Control of Ambrosia artemisiifolia: Learning from the Past
320Effect of Nitrogen Addition on Population Establishment of the Arundo Armored Scale Rhizaspidiotus donacis
321Stenopelmus rufinasus Proves to be an Excellent Azolla Taxonomist
322What do Chloroplast Sequences Tell us about the Identity of Guinea Grass, an Invasive Poaceae in the Southern United States?
323Evolutionary Insights from the Invasion of Greece by Solanum elaeagnifolium (Solanaceae): Implications for Biological Control
325Ploidy Level and Genome Size of Vincetoxicum nigrum and V. rossicum (Apocynaceae), Two Invasive Vines in North America
326Interactions between the Biological Control Agents of Diffuse Knapweed in Southern British Columbia, Canada
327Endophytes Associated with Cirsium arvense and their Influence on its Biological Control
328Dispersal and Impact of Larinus minutus among Centaurea diffusa Patches in Alberta, Canada
329Hybrid Weeds! Agent Biotypes!: Montana’s Ever-Evolving Toadflax Biological Control Soap Opera
332The Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) Case, What Makes a Good Biological Control Target: The Intersection of Science, Perspectives, Policy and Regulation
340Public Engagement with Biological Control of Invasive Plants: The State of the Question
346Outreach Challenges for Biological Control in Hawaii
349The Role of Implementation in Weed Biological Control in South Africa
351“Of Miconia and Men”: The Story of a Scientifically and Socially Successful Biological Control Program in Tahiti, French Polynesia
352Russian Olive – a Suitable Target for Classical Biological Control in North America?
353The Economics of Classical Biological Control: A Meta-Analysis of Historic Literature and Suggested Framework for Future Studies
354Biological Control of Strawberry Guava in Hawaiian Forests
355The Economic Benefits of TSA Biological Control
356Is Post Hoc Development of Risk Management in Weed Biological Control Too Late? Lessons Learned from Cactoblastis cactorum
357Biological Control as a Tool to Mitigate Economic Impacts of Facilitative Ecological Interactions between the Giant Reed and Cattle Fever Ticks
360One Hundred Years of Biological Control of Weeds in Australia
368Revisiting Release Strategies in Biological Control of Weeds: Are We Using Enough Releases?
377Factors Contributing to the Failure of the Biological Control Agent, Falconia intermedia (Miridae: Hemiptera), on Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) in South Africa
389Host Specificity and Impacts of Platyptilia isodactyla (Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae), a Biological Control Agent for Jacobaea vulgaris (Asteraceae) in Australia and New Zealand
400Successful Biological Control of Chromolaena odorata (Asteraceae) by the Gall Fly Cecidochares connexa (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Papua New Guinea
409Host Specificity Testing, Release and Successful Establishment of the Broom Gall Mite (Aceria genistae) in Australia and New Zealand for the Biological Control of Broom (Cytisus scoparius)
417Observational Monitoring of Biological Control vs. Herbicide to Suppress Leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula) for Eight Years
423Effective Landscape Scale Management of Cirsium arvense (Canada Thistle) Utilizing Biological Control
429Status of Biological Control of the Shrub Gorse (Ulex europaeus) on the Island of Hawaii
435An Overview of Biological Control of Weeds in Tasmania
451Spatial Monitoring of the Dispersal, Target and Non-Target Impact of the Unintentionally Introduced Biological Control Agent Mogulones cruciger in the Northwestern USA
452Temporary Spillover? Patch-Level Nontarget Attack by the Biological Control Weevil Mogulones crucifer
453Avoid Rejecting Safe Agents – What More Do We Need to Know? St. John’s Wort in New Zealand as a Case Study
454Predicting Success? A Tale of Two Midges
455Biological Control of Musk Thistle in the Southeastern United States: A 20-year Assessment of Benefits and Risks
456Differences in Growth and Herbivore Resistance in Hybrid Populations of the Invasive Tree Tamarisk (Tamarix sp.) in the Western United States
457Estimating Target and Non-Target Effects of Diorhabda carinulata, a Biological Control Agent of Tamarix in North America
458Impact of the Heather Beetle (Lochmaea suturalis), a Biological Control Agent for Heather (Calluna vulgaris), in New Zealand
459The Release, Establishment and Impact of Yellow Starthistle Rust in California
460Factors Affecting the Biological Control of Leucaena leucocephala in South Africa
461Is a Regional Interagency, Multi-Year, Multi-System Post-Release Impact Assessment Program Possible?
462The Possible Use of Two Endemic Natural Enemies for Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense) Biological Control in the USA
463Long-Term Control of Leafy Spurge, Euphorbia esula, by the Flea Beetle Aphthona nigriscutis
464Drought Stress on Two Tamarisk Populations (Wyoming and Montana) in Containment: Effects on Diorhabda carinulata Survival and Adult Size
465Dispersal, Infection and Resistance Factors Affecting Biological Control of Creeping Thistle by Puccinia punctiformis
466A Tale of Two Strains: a Comparison of Two Populations of Eccritotarsus catarinensis, a Biological Control Agent of Water Hyacinth in South Africa
467Disease Development Cycle of Canada Thistle Rust
468Local Spatial Structure of Dalmatian Toadflax (Linaria dalmatica) and its Effect on Attack by the Stem-Mining Weevil (Mecinus janthinus) in the Northwestern United States
469Differences between Plant Traits and Biological Control Agent Resistance in Rush Skeletonweed Genotypes in North America
470Inundative Release of Aphthona spp. Flea Beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) as a Biological “Herbicide” on Leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula) in Riparian Areas
471Population Dynamics and Impacts of the Red-Headed Leafy Spurge Stem Borer on Leafy Spurge
472Impact of Pre-Dispersal Seed Predation on Seedling Recruitment by Yellow Starthistle in California
473Early Season Aggregation Behavior in Adult Larinus minutus, an Introduced Phytophage of Centaurea spp. in North America
474Predicting How Fast and Invading Weed Biological Control Agent Will Disperse
475Determining the Efficacy of Larinus minutus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Spotted Knapweed Biological Control: The Silver Bullet?
476Biological Control of Solanum viarum in the USA
477The Life History of Corythuca distincta, an Endemic Lace Bug on Canada Thistle in Wyoming
478The Release and Recovery of Bradyrrhoa gilveolella on Rush Skeletonweed in Southern Idaho
480Challenges to Establishing Diorhabda spp. for Biological Control of Saltcedars, Tamarix, in Texas
481Estimating Non-Target Effects: No Detectable, Short-Term Effect of Feeding by Cinnabar Moth Caterpillars on Growth and Reproduction of Senecio triangularis
482Monitoring Biological Control Agents and Leafy Spurge Populations along the Smith River in Montana, USA
483Implementing EDDMapS for Reporting and Mapping Biological Control Releases
484Dramatic Observations of Two Biological Control Agents of Clidemia hirta on Kauai
485Post Release Monitoring of a 2009 Release of Jaapiella ivannikovi (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) for the Control of Russian Knapweed in Fremont County, Wyoming
486The Exceptional Lantana Lace Bug, Teleonemia scrupulosa
488Workshop Summary: Is Classical Biological Control a 20th Century “Old Science” Paradigm that is Losing its Way?
493Workshop report: The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources under the Convention on Biological Diversity
496Workshop Report: Wild Gingers (Hedychium spp.)
497Workshop Report: Best Management Practices for Communication of Weed Biological Control
502Workshop Summary: Biological Control of Fireweed: Past, Present, and Future Directions