Release Information

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Agent

Puccinia komarovii var. glanduliferae R.A. Tanner, C.A. Ellison, L. Kiss & H.C. Evans var. nov.

Class: Pucciniomycetes
Order: Pucciniales
Family:

Past Names/Synonyms: Puccinia cf. komarovii

Agent Name References:
- Tanner, R.A., C.A. Ellison, M.K. Seier, G.M. Kovács, E. Kassai-Jáger, Z. Berecky, S. Varia, D. Djeddour, M.C. Singh, A. Csiszár, P. Csontos., L. Kiss, and H.C. Evans. 2015. Puccinia komarovii var. glanduliferae var. nov.: a fungal agent for the biological control of Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera). European Journal of Plant Pathology 141(2): 247-266.
- Kirk, P.M., P.F. Cannon, D.W. Minter, and J.A. Stalpers, Eds. 2008. Dictionary of the Fungi, 10th edition. CABI Publishing, U.K. 784 pp.

Agent Synonym References:
- Tanner, R.A., C. Ellison, H. Evans, Z. Bereczky, E. Kassai-Jager, L. Kiss, G. Kovacs, and S. Varia. 2013. The potential for the biological control of Himalayan balsam using the rust pathogen Puccinia cf. komarovii: opportunities for Europe and North America. In Y. Wu, T. Johnson, S. Sing, S. Raghu, G. Wheeler, P. Pratt, K. Warner, T. Center, J. Goolsby, and R. Reardon, Eds. Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. 11-16 September 2011, Kohala Coast, Hawaii, USA; Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, USA. pp. 48.

Weed

Impatiens glandulifera Royle

Family: Balsaminaceae
Common Name: Himalayan balsam

Origin: Asia

Weed Name References:
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.
- Tanner, R.A., C. Ellison, H. Evans, Z. Bereczky, E. Kassai-Jager, L. Kiss, G. Kovacs, and S. Varia. 2013. The potential for the biological control of Himalayan balsam using the rust pathogen Puccinia cf. komarovii: opportunities for Europe and North America. In Y. Wu, T. Johnson, S. Sing, S. Raghu, G. Wheeler, P. Pratt, K. Warner, T. Center, J. Goolsby, and R. Reardon, Eds. Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. 11-16 September 2011, Kohala Coast, Hawaii, USA; Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, USA. pp. 48.

Weed Common Name References:
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.
- Tanner, R.A., C. Ellison, H. Evans, Z. Bereczky, E. Kassai-Jager, L. Kiss, G. Kovacs, and S. Varia. 2013. The potential for the biological control of Himalayan balsam using the rust pathogen Puccinia cf. komarovii: opportunities for Europe and North America. In Y. Wu, T. Johnson, S. Sing, S. Raghu, G. Wheeler, P. Pratt, K. Warner, T. Center, J. Goolsby, and R. Reardon, Eds. Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. 11-16 September 2011, Kohala Coast, Hawaii, USA; Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, USA. pp. 48.

Weed Origin References:
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.

Release and Source Information

List: 1 - Exotic Organisms Intentionally Introduced

Source: Ex. India
Year: 2014
Region: Europe_Eurasia
Country: England
Subregion of Country: BRK CON GLS MDX KEN NBL NYS SRY WYS
Subregion specific:

Release History: BRK CON MDX 2014 2015, GLS KEN NBL NYS WYS 2015, SRY 2015 2016

Release Notes: Releases/inoculations ongoing

Source Information References:
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.
- Tanner, R. 2014. (personal communication) CABI, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TY, United Kingdom.

Original Host Species

Impatiens glandulifera Royle

Original Host Species References:
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.

Establishment

Established: Yes
Established in Subregion of Country:
Established in Subregion specific:

Establishment References:
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.

Abundance

Too early post release

Abundance References:
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.

Agent Impact

Impact: Too early post release
Geographic Scale of impact: Too early post release
Impact Notes: Establishment recently confirmed and releases/inoculations continue. Limited field establishment to date possibly due to genetic variation of Impatiens glandulifera in the United Kingdom and variation in susceptibility to the rust strain released. Additional strains are being studied for possible future release.

Impact References:
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.

Limiting Factors

Specificity

Limiting Factors References:
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.

Other Attack

Were other species attacked?: No
Other Species Attacked Notes:

Research Organizations

Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International, United Kingdom (CABI-United Kingdom)

Notes




Based on: Winston, R.L., M. Schwarzländer, H.L. Hinz, M.D. Day, M.J.W. Cock and M.H. Julien, Eds. 2014. Biological Control of Weeds: A World Catalogue of Agents and Their Target Weeds, 5th edition. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, West Virginia. FHTET-2014-04. 838 pp.

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