Release Information

Login to edit

Agent

Puccinia komarovii var. glanduliferae R.A. Tanner, C.A. Ellison, L. Kiss & H.C. Evans var. nov.

Class: Pucciniomycetes
Order: Pucciniales
Family:

Past Names/Synonyms: Puccinia cf. komarovii

Notes: India strain

Agent Name References:
- Kirk, P.M., P.F. Cannon, D.W. Minter, and J.A. Stalpers, Eds. 2008. Dictionary of the Fungi, 10th edition. CABI Publishing, U.K. 784 pp.
- Tanner, R.A., C.A. Ellison, M.K. Seier, G.M. Kovács, E. Kassai-Jáger, Z. Berecky, S. Varia, D. Djeddour, M.C. Singh, A. Csiszár, P. Csontos., L. Kiss, and H.C. Evans. 2015. Puccinia komarovii var. glanduliferae var. nov.: a fungal agent for the biological control of Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera). European Journal of Plant Pathology 141(2): 247-266.

Agent Synonym References:
- Tanner, R.A., C. Ellison, H. Evans, Z. Bereczky, E. Kassai-Jager, L. Kiss, G. Kovacs, and S. Varia. 2013. The potential for the biological control of Himalayan balsam using the rust pathogen Puccinia cf. komarovii: opportunities for Europe and North America. In Y. Wu, T. Johnson, S. Sing, S. Raghu, G. Wheeler, P. Pratt, K. Warner, T. Center, J. Goolsby, and R. Reardon, Eds. Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. 11-16 September 2011, Kohala Coast, Hawaii, USA; Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, USA. pp. 48.

Agent Notes References:
- Ellison, C.A., K.M. Pollard, and S. Varia. 2020. Potential of a coevolved rust fungus for the management of Himalayan balsam in the British Isles: first field releases. Weed Research 60: 37–49.

Weed

Impatiens glandulifera Royle

Family: Balsaminaceae
Common Name: Himalayan balsam

Origin: Asia

Weed Name References:
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.
- Tanner, R.A., C. Ellison, H. Evans, Z. Bereczky, E. Kassai-Jager, L. Kiss, G. Kovacs, and S. Varia. 2013. The potential for the biological control of Himalayan balsam using the rust pathogen Puccinia cf. komarovii: opportunities for Europe and North America. In Y. Wu, T. Johnson, S. Sing, S. Raghu, G. Wheeler, P. Pratt, K. Warner, T. Center, J. Goolsby, and R. Reardon, Eds. Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. 11-16 September 2011, Kohala Coast, Hawaii, USA; Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, USA. pp. 48.

Weed Common Name References:
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.
- Tanner, R.A., C. Ellison, H. Evans, Z. Bereczky, E. Kassai-Jager, L. Kiss, G. Kovacs, and S. Varia. 2013. The potential for the biological control of Himalayan balsam using the rust pathogen Puccinia cf. komarovii: opportunities for Europe and North America. In Y. Wu, T. Johnson, S. Sing, S. Raghu, G. Wheeler, P. Pratt, K. Warner, T. Center, J. Goolsby, and R. Reardon, Eds. Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. 11-16 September 2011, Kohala Coast, Hawaii, USA; Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV, USA. pp. 48.

Weed Origin References:
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.

Release and Source Information

List: 1 - Exotic Organisms Intentionally Introduced

Source: Ex. India
Year: 2014
Region: Europe_Eurasia
Country: England
Subregion of Country:
Subregion specific:

Release History: 2014–2020

Release Notes: Releases/inoculations ongoing. Due to the genetic variation of Impatiens glandulifera in the United Kingdom, different populations differ in their susceptibility to various strains of the rust. The India strain was released in 2014, and the Pakistan strain was released in 2017 in an attempt to increase establishment on more I. glandulifera populations.

Source Information References:
- Tanner, R. 2014. (personal communication) CABI, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TY, United Kingdom.
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.
- Ellison, C.A., K.M. Pollard, and S. Varia. 2020. Potential of a coevolved rust fungus for the management of Himalayan balsam in the British Isles: first field releases. Weed Research 60: 37–49.
- Varia, S. (personal communication) CABI, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TY, United Kingdom.

Original Host Species

Impatiens glandulifera Royle

Original Host Species References:
- Tanner, R.A. 2012. An ecological assessment of Impatiens glandulifera in its introduced and native range and the potential for its classical biological control. Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy. University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom. 286 pp.

Establishment

Established: Yes
Established in Subregion of Country:
Established in Subregion specific:

Establishment References:
- Ellison, C.A., K.M. Pollard, and S. Varia. 2020. Potential of a coevolved rust fungus for the management of Himalayan balsam in the British Isles: first field releases. Weed Research 60: 37–49.
- Varia, S. (personal communication) CABI, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TY, United Kingdom.

Abundance

Too early post release

Abundance References:
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.
- Ellison, C.A., K.M. Pollard, and S. Varia. 2020. Potential of a coevolved rust fungus for the management of Himalayan balsam in the British Isles: first field releases. Weed Research 60: 37–49.

Agent Impact

Impact: Too early post release
Geographic Scale of impact: Too early post release
Impact Notes: Initially limited field establishment likely due to unsuitable site conditions (shade) as well as genetic variation of Impatiens glandulifera in the United Kingdom and variation in susceptibility to this Indian rust strain. Too soon following release to determine overall impact, but initial results promising on susceptible genotypes.

Impact References:
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.
- Ellison, C.A., K.M. Pollard, and S. Varia. 2020. Potential of a coevolved rust fungus for the management of Himalayan balsam in the British Isles: first field releases. Weed Research 60: 37–49.

Limiting Factors

Specificity; Habitat

Limiting Factors References:
- Varia, S., K. Pollard, and C.A. Ellison. 2016. Implementing a novel weed management approach for Himalayan balsam: progress on biological control in the UK. Outlooks on Pest Management 27(5):198-203.
- Ellison, C.A., K.M. Pollard, and S. Varia. 2020. Potential of a coevolved rust fungus for the management of Himalayan balsam in the British Isles: first field releases. Weed Research 60: 37–49.

Other Attack

Were other species attacked?: No
Other Species Attacked Notes:

Research Organizations

Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International, United Kingdom (CABI-United Kingdom)

Notes




Based on: Winston, R.L., M. Schwarzländer, H.L. Hinz, M.D. Day, M.J.W. Cock and M.H. Julien, Eds. 2014. Biological Control of Weeds: A World Catalogue of Agents and Their Target Weeds, 5th edition. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, West Virginia. FHTET-2014-04. 838 pp.

usfs   usfs         MIA   CRISSP   CABI   Queensland